What is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder, where the muscle wall (septum) between the lower chambers of heart, thickens abnormally resulting in improper functioning of the heart.
- It’s often undiagnosed due to lack of significant clinical manifestations.
What are the symptoms of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
- Shortness of breath, especially during exercise or lying position
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Abnormal heartbeat
- Fainting during physical activity
- Swelling in legs, feet or ankles
What are the causes of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
Who are at risk of developing Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
- Family history of Cardiomyopathy
- Severe obesity
- Diabetes mellitus
- High blood pressure
- Alcohol intake
- Certain heart diseases such as sarcoidosis, hemochromatosis or amyloidosis
What are the consequences of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
How is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy diagnosed?
- Echocardiogram: This is commonly used to diagnose Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Utilizes ultrasounds to see abnormally thickened heart muscle. It also examines heart chambers and valves.
- Electrocardiogram: To measure electrical signals of the heart.
- Cardiac MRI
- Exercise test: Record’s EEG while treadmill or physical activity
- Genetic testing for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: To identify the gene mutation
How is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy treated?
- ICD (Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator)
- Septal ablation (Catheter-based therapy)
- Septal myectomy (Surgery based therapy)
- A pacemaker in case of abnormal heartbeat
- Anticoagulants such as warfarin, rivaroxaban, dabigatran or apixaban in case of atrial fibrillation to prevent blood clots
- CCB’s( Calcium channel blockers) such as verapamil or diltiazem
- Beta-blockers such as metoprolol, propranolol or atenolol
Amiodarone or disopyramide to control over heart rhythm