Open heart surgery and TAVR are two distinct approaches to treating aortic valve stenosis. Open heart surgery remains the gold standard for its durability and versatility in addressing complex cases. On the other hand, TAVR presents a less invasive alternative, particularly beneficial for high-risk patients and those who cannot undergo traditional surgery.
Aortic valve stenosis is a serious disease that can lead to heart failure, strokes, and even death if left untreated. That makes timely diagnosis and treatment of the condition crucial. However, treatment of aortic stenosis depends on its severity.
Typically, the following parameters are used to determine the severity of aortic stenosis:
Depending on the pressure gradient and blood flow parameters, aortic stenosis is graded as follows:
NF-HG is the most prevalent type of aortic stenosis and has well-established management protocols. Patients with NF-HG are also ideal candidates for aortic valve replacement. While LF-LG is fairly rare, it’s often associated with a poor prognosis.
Additionally, depending on progression, heart valve disease can be categorized into the following four stages:
Doctors use a variety of diagnostic tests to evaluate the aforementioned parameters and determine the severity of aortic stenosis. If you experience symptoms like chest pain, heart murmur, or palpitation, it’s crucial to reach out to an experienced cardiologist and get the right treatment for aortic valve stenosis.
Early diagnosis of aortic valve stenosis is crucial to prevent severe complications, such as arrhythmias, heart failure, stroke, and death. Also, it can help administer timely treatment, thus improving the patient’s prognosis and quality of life.
That’s why cardiologists use a series of tests to diagnose aortic valve stenosis and its underlying cause. When you visit the doctor, they’ll start by asking you about your symptoms and medical history. Also, they ask whether your family has a history of cardiovascular ailments. Next, they’ll use a stethoscope to detect the presence of the characteristic aortic stenosis murmur.
Additionally, your doctor will use one or more of the following tests for the complete diagnosis:
Additionally, your doctor might recommend tests like cardiac catheterization and chest X-ray to get a complete picture of your cardiac health and plan the right course of treatment.
Copyright © 2023, Dr. Raghu. All rights reserved.