A heart attack, medically known as a myocardial infarction, is a severe medical emergency that can cause lasting damage to the heart muscle and even lead to death. As a leading cause of death worldwide, it shouldn’t be taken lightly.
The sooner it is detected and treated by a heart disease specialist, the better the chances of survival and recovery. That makes it crucial to keep an eye out for the warning signs of a heart attack so that you can get heart disease treatment immediately if you experience any of them.
In this article, we’ll explore the various symptoms that indicate a heart attack is in progress.
Causes and Risk Factors
Before we delve into the warning signs of a heart attack, it’s essential to understand the causes and risk factors. Several factors can contribute to the development of a heart attack, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, a family history of heart disease, and a sedentary lifestyle.
Age and gender can also play a role, with men over 45 and women over 55 being at higher risk. Additionally, stress can also contribute to the development of heart disease and heart attacks. It is important to note that not all heart attacks occur in people with these risk factors, and some people with no risk factors can still experience a heart attack.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
When someone experiences a heart attack, they might experience a wide array of symptoms, from chest pain and shortness of breath to heart palpitation. However, less obvious signs, such as nausea and sweating, can make it difficult to detect a heart attack on time.
That makes it crucial to monitor your health and watch out for the following symptoms:
Chest Pain and Discomfort
The most common warning sign of a heart attack is chest pain or discomfort. This pain can range from a mild ache to a severe, crushing sensation in the chest. It may also feel like a tightness or pressure in the chest, as if a heavy weight is sitting on it.
The pain may also radiate to the arms, neck, jaw, back, or stomach. The chest pain may come and go or persist for several minutes or more. If you experience any discomfort or heaviness in your chest, it’s wiser to consult a heart specialist immediately.
Heart palpitations are another warning sign of a heart attack. They present as sensations of a racing, fluttering, or pounding heart and may be accompanied by a feeling of lightheadedness. Palpitations can occur even if you’re at rest and can last for a few seconds or several minutes.
Dizziness is a common sign of a heart attack. It can be caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure due to a lack of oxygen to the heart. You may feel like you’re about to faint or lose consciousness. Dizziness can also be accompanied by nausea, sweating, and shortness of breath.
Breathlessness or shortness of breath is another common warning sign of a heart attack. You may feel like you’re struggling to catch your breath, even when at rest or engaging in minimal activities. This symptom is caused by a lack of oxygen to the heart, which can also lead to fluid buildup in the lungs.
Fatigue is a common warning sign of a heart attack, particularly in women. You may feel excessively tired or weak, even if you haven’t engaged in any strenuous activity. This symptom can occur suddenly and without explanation. If you feel unusually tired, it may be a sign that your heart is struggling to pump blood throughout your body, indicating an impending heart attack.
Digestive issues, such as nausea, vomiting, and indigestion, can also be signs of a heart attack, especially in women. These symptoms can occur even in the absence of chest pain or discomfort. Make sure you reach out to the best cardiologist in India if you have a history of heart disease and experience these symptoms.
A heart attack is a medical emergency that requires prompt medical attention. It’s crucial to understand and recognize the warning signs and seek medical help immediately. Remember that not all heart attacks present with chest pain, and symptoms can vary from person to person. If you experience any of the symptoms discussed above, call your local emergency number or seek medical attention from a heart disease specialist right away.
Dr. C Raghu, an experienced and eminent cardiologist in Hyderabad, specializes in interventional cardiology. He has treated thousands of heart disease patients and helped them live healthy and long lives. If you are looking for the best heart doctor in Hyderabad, make sure you reach out to Dr. Raghu today.